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EVERGREEN SHRUBS…

broadleafevergreenslr_pcojenEvergreens are some of the lowest maintenance plants for your landscape.  In addition, they provide year-round color and structure.  There are two types of evergreen shrubs for our area, broadleaf types (think ‘leafy’ such as boxwood and holly) and needled types (think pine and juniper).    Since both hold onto their foliage in winter—a drying, windy time in Colorado-- be sure to give them winter water for best results.  Also, make sure you site your shrub in the location it prefers.   Some prefer morning sun in protected locations while other can take exposed, sunny spots.



Broadleaf Evergreen Shrubs

Needled Evergreen Shrubs

 

TIP:  Some evergreen shrubs respond well to an anti-transpirant spray (such as Wilt Pruf), to help protect agains winter dessication.

 

Please Note:  Availability of specific varieties listed below will vary depending upon time of season and sales.   Please call (719) 574-8058 for current availability.


 

Broadleaf Evergreen Shrubs 




buxusboxwoodgenericlr_pcojenBoxwood (Buxus)

 

 

buxusgreenmountainboxwood_photocourtesybaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc

Green Mountain Boxwood

Height:  5’

Spread: 3’

Exposure:  Shade or morning sun

Other Notes:   Upright form.  Glossy dark green leaves.  May be pruned to maintain shape and/or used as a hedge.  Protect from windy locations.  Zone 5.

buxusgreenvelvetboxwood_pcobaileynurseriesinc

Green Velvet Boxwood

Height:  2'-3’

Spread:  2'-3’

Exposure:  Shade or morning sun

Other Notes:  Rounded shape and deep green leaves.    May be used as a low hedge.  Protect from windy locations.  Slow growing.

 


Broom, Spanish Types (Cytisus)

cytisuspurgansspanishgoldbroom_photocourtesyplantselect

Photo Courtesy Plant Select

Spanish Gold Broom

Height:  3’-5’

Spread:  4’-6’

Exposure:  Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes:  Leafless shrub with slender green branches and a rounded shape.  One of the hardiest brooms for our area.  Bright yellow flowers appear in Spring.  Zone 4

  


Euonymus


 Although adaptable to full sun, all appreciate protection from winter sun and winds.   

 

euonymus_emeraldgaiety_pcojen

Emerald Gaiety

Height: 4’-5’

Spread:  4’-5’

Exposure:  Prefers light shade location but will also adapt to full shade or full sun.

Other Notes:  Green leaves with white margins.  Slow growing.  Irregular spreading habit is easily shaped with light pruning.  Leaves tinge pink in Fall.

euonymusemeraldngold_pcojen

Emerald 'N Gold

 

 

 

   

 

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Moonshadow

Gold Leaf Varieties:

Emerald 'N Gold

Height:  2’

Spread: Up to 5’

Exposure:  Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes:  Dark green leaves with a bright gold margin.  Slow growing.  Low, spreading branches make a good evergreen groundcover.  Easily shaped with light pruning.  Leaves tinge pink in Fall.


Canandale Gold

Height:  2'-3' 

Spread: 3'-4'

Exposure:  Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes:  Another gold leaf variety.  Very pretty for a bright pop of yellow. 


Moonshadow

Height:  2'-3'

Spread: 3'-4'

Exposure:  Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes: Variegation of deep green leaves with a deep gold margin. Slow growing. Low, spreading branches make a good evergreen groundcover. Easily shaped with light pruning.


Sparkle 'N Gold

Height:  3'-4'

Spread: 3'-4'

Exposure:  Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes: Lark leaves with dark green centers and yellow margins. 

euonymusmanhattan_pcojen

Manhattan

Height:  3’-5’

Spread:  3’-5’

Exposure:   Shade or morning sun is best

Other Notes:  Glossy, dark green leaves.  Ideal for an informal hedge or specimen plant.  Protect from winter wind.

euonymus_wintercreeper_gaiety_pcojen

Purple Leaf Wintercreeper (E. colorata) 

Height: 2'-3'

Spread: 4’-5’

Exposure: Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade and full sun with moist soil.

Other Notes: Vigorous evergreen groundcover with glossy green foliage that turns dark purple in winter.  

euonymussarcoxie_pcojen

Sarcoxie

Height:3’-5’

Spread: 3’-5’

Exposure: Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes:  Glossy green leaves.  Can be used as a small hedge.  Protect from winter wind.

 


Grape Holly (Mahonia)

mahoniacompact_photocourtesyfisherfarms
Photo Courtesy Fisher Farms

 

Oregon Grape Holly (aquifolium)

Height:    5’-6’

Spread:  5’-6’

Exposure: Shade to morning sun

Other Notes:  Medium green holly-like leaves turn bronze red in the Fall.  Yellow flowers in spring are followed by blue berries in mid-summer.

 

Compact Oregon Grape Holly

Height:    3’-3’

Spread:  3’-3’

Exposure: Shade to morning sun

Other Notes:  A dwarf version of standard Oregon Grape Holley.  All the same wonderful qualities in a smaller package.  

mahoniaupright_pcojen

Winter Color

mahoniarepenscreeping_photocourtesybaileynurseriesinc
Creeping Mahonia Bloom
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc

Creeping Mahonia (repens)

Height:  12”-18”

Spread: up to 4’

Exposure:  Shade, morning sun, or full sun.

Other Notes:  Low spreading type of grape holly.  Makes a wonderful groundcover with pretty fall colors of purple-red tones.  Yellow flowers in spring followed by blue berries in mid-summer.

mahoniarepenswidewinter_pcojen

Winter color 

 

 


Holly (Ilex)

ilexblueprince_princess_pcojen

Summer


 

Prince  Boy/Princess Girl

Height:  4’-6’

Spread: 4’-6’

Exposure:  Shade to LIGHT morning sun

Other Notes:  Deep green leaves.  Extremely slow growing.  Very pretty holly berries are produced only on female shrubs and require pollination from a male.  (can plant multiple female shrubs to one male shrub)  Prefers a moist location.

 ilexhollyprincessboygirllr_pcojen

Winter Berries

ilexberries_pcojen 

 

 


Pyracantha / Fireweed

 

pyracanthasummer_pcojen

Summer

Gnome

Height:  4’-6’

Spread:  3’-4’

Exposure:  Shade, morning sun, full sun

Other Notes:  White spring flowers are followed by showy clusters of bright orange berries that hold through winter.  Plant in a place where it won’t receive drying winter winds.  A good candidate for espalier against a wall or fence.

pyracanthagnomeberriesfall_pcojen


Fall Berries

 


 Rhododendron

rhododendronwhitelightsazalea_photocourtesybaileynurseriesinc

Photos Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc

White Lights

Height: 5’-6’

Spread: 5’-6’

Exposure: Full to part sun.

Other Notes: Flowers emerge as a delicate pink that matures
to white. Bronze purple fall foliage. Rounded habit. Zone 4. From the
University of Minnesota.  Likes moist, well-drained, acidic soil.


rhododendronwhitelightsazaleaclose_photocourtesybaileynurseriesinc

Picture Not Available

Pohjola's Daughter

Height: 3’-4'

Spread: 3’-5’

Exposure: Full to part sun.

Other Notes: Flowers buds are deep pink, opening as a light pink and aging to white. Mounding habit.  Zone 5. Likes moist, well-drained, acidic soil.

Picture Not Available

Henry's Red

Height: 3’-5’

Spread: 5’-7’

Exposure: Full to part sun.

Other Notes: Dark red flowers. Zone 4. Likes moist, well-drained, acidic soil.

 


 

Needled Evergreen Shrubs

 




Arborvitae (Thuja)

thujawoodwardglobearborvitae_photocourtesybaileynurseriesinc

Woodward Globe

Height: 3’-5’

Spread:  3’-5’

Exposure:  Does best in shady or morning sun locations.

Other Notes:   Deep green in summer.  Takes on a bronze color in winter.  Rounded form.  Plant in a place where it will not receive a lot of wind exposure as this causes browning.  Prefers a moist spot.

 

 


 

Juniper, Spreading Types

Junipers are a versatile group of evergreens.  Some stay very low to provide a wide groundcover while others are tall and can be used as evergreen screens.   Some have a silvery blue cast while others are deep green.  They all do well here and are quite drought tolerant once established.   However, Colorado has very drying winter winds that can be tough on evergreens.   Although they do well in a windy, exposed spot—it is essential to give them winter water for best performance. 

 

Low Creeping Type Junipers


Blue, green, and golden foliage types.  Note: Some WILL change color in winter.

juniperbluechip_pcojen

Blue Chip

Height:  8"-12” 

Spread: 4’-6’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  Very low growing with a moderate spread.  Silvery blue foliage has an arching habit.  Turns a plum color in the winter.

juniperbluerugclose_pcojenjuniperbluerugberry_pcojen

Blue Rug

Height:  4"-6"

Spread:  3'-5'

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  One of the best prostrate junipers that forms a dense mat of silvery blue foliage.   Useful as a groundcover.  Pretty when allowed to drape over larger retaining walls.

juniperbluestar_pcojen

Blue Star 

Height: 18”-24”

Spread: 3’-4’

Exposure: Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes: Dwarf form with silvery-blue needles that are shorter than other types of juniper. They cluster into a star-like shape. Does best when planted in a location that is protected from winter wind.

Picture Not Available

Blue Tam 

Height:  2'

Spread: up to 8'

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes: Low spreading and mounding form with dense blue-grey foliage.  Blue berries.

 juniperbuffalowide_pcojen

Buffalo 

Height:  12”-18”

Spread: 6’-8’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  Low growing with a large spread.  Bright foliage gives a blast of green especially in the height of winter.  Juniper berries are blue.

juniperbuffalo_pcojen juniperbuffaloberry_pcojen

juniperhughes_pcojen

Hughes 

Height: 12”-18”

Spread: 6’-8’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  Low growing variety with a large spread.  Steel-blue foliage during warm months.  Takes on a purple tinge in winter.

junipermotherlode_photocourtesyiselinursery
Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

Motherlode 

Height:  12”-18”

Spread: 3’-6’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  This creeping type offers bright yellow foliage during the summer.  Tinges to a burgundy-plum color in winter.

 juniperuschinensisshimpaku_pcoiselinursery
Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

Shimpaku

Height:  3'

Spread: 4’-6’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes: Vase-shaped upright growth habit.  Can be used as a landscape plant. Also very popular with bonsai enthusiasts for its irregular form and exposed peeling bark.

 


Taller Hedge Type Spreading Junipers

 

juniperoldgold_pcojen

Old Gold

Height: 3’-4’

Spread: 4’-6’

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: New growth is a bright yellow.
Good shrub for contrast.

juniperseagreen_pcojen

Sea Green 

Height:  6’-8’

Spread: 6’-8’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:   Lush green foliage with a dense, vase-shaped habit.  This variety is sometimes offered as a trained 'pom pom' style juniper.

 

 



 

Pine (Pinus) 

 pinushillsidecreeper_pcojen

Hillside Creeper Scotch Pine (Pinus sylvestris)

Height: 2’

Spread: 5’

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: Low spreading groundcover type pine with bright green needles during warm months. Turns light green in winter. Branches are layered, adding texture to your garden. Plant in well drained soil.

 pinusspaansdwarf_pcojen

Spaan's Dwarf Shore Pine (Pinus contorta)

Height: 3’

Spread: 4’

Exposure: Morning or Filtered Sun

Other Notes: An unusual pine that will become wider than tall with age. This dwarf evergreen has an open, irregular habit. Another great candidate for bonsai enthusiasts. Very slow growing. Will take at least 10 years to reach mature size. Plant in well-drained soil.

 

 Mugo Pine Varieties


 pinusmugomops_pcoiselinursery
Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

Mops

Height: 3'

Spread: 3'

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: Grows in a low dense dome shape. Dwarf in habit. Stays compact even without annual pruning. Plant in well drained soil.

 pinusmugopumillo_photocourtesybaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc

Pumilio (P. mugo pumilio)

Height: 3'-5'

Spread: 3'-6'

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: Dwarf, bright green color in all seasons. Attractive mounded shape that can be maintained by pruning. Especially nice in early summer when new candles of growth appear. Very hardy and rugged.

 pinusmugosherwoodcompact_pcoiselinursery
Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

Sherwood Compact

Height: 3''

Spread: 4'

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: A slow-growing, short-needled, densely growing dwarf type mugo.  Tightly mounded form.  Good for small space gardens. 

 pinusmugoteeny_pcoiselinursery
Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

Teeny Mugo Pine

Height: 1'

Spread: 1'

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes:One of the smallest mugo pines available. Compact, dwarf form with extremely slow growth. A good candidate for bonsai. Plant in well drained soil.

 pinusmugowhitebud_photocourtesyiselinursery
Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

White Bud Mugo Pine

Height: 2’

Spread:  4’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  Dark green needles with a short, broad form.  Derives its name from the fact that, in winter, each terminal bud is covered in white resin.  Against the green needles, this trait gives it a ‘frosted’ effect.  Plant in well drained soil.

 


Spruce (Picea)

 

piceaglobespruce_pcojen

Globe Blue Spruce 

Height:  3’-5’

Spread: 4’-5’

Exposure:  Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes:  Beautiful round shrub form of blue spruce.  Requires winter water and likes consistent moisture during the growing season.



piceaglobe2_pcojen 


piceaabiesnidiformisbirdsnestspruce_pcojen

Bird's Nest Norway Spruce

Height: 3’

Spread: 2’-3’

Exposure: Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes: A beautiful dwarf spruce, broad, dense and slow growing. Light green foliage on spreading branches rises up slightly with nodding tips. A distinctive plant for rock gardens or specimen use. Hardy, best in full sun or minimal shade. 

 


piceaabieslittlegemnorwayspruce_pcobaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc

Little Gem Norway Spruce 

Height: 18"-24"

Spread: 18"-24"

Exposure: Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes: Globe-shaped dwarf spruce with light green needles on compact branches. Requires winter water. Does best in a location that does not receive drying winter winds. Great shrub for small space. Provide consistent moisture and well-drained soil.

(grafted tree form pictured -- Phelan's sells the shrub form)

 

 

 

 


Yew (Taxus)

taxisdensiformis_pcojen

Spreading Yew / Densiformis
 

Height:  4’-6’

Spread:  4’-6’

Exposure:  Shade or morning sun.

Other Notes:  Dense rounded form.  Provide consistent moisture and site in a location that is protected from drying winter winds.  Caution:  Yew seeds within the bright red berries and foliage are poisonous.  Keep away from children.

 

 


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