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Evergreen Shrubs

Evergreens are some of the lowest maintenance plants for your landscape.  In addition, they provide year-round color and structure.  There are two types of evergreen shrubs for our area, broadleaf types (think ‘leafy’ such as boxwood and holly) and needled types (think pine and juniper).    Since both hold onto their foliage in winter—a drying, windy time in Colorado-- be sure to give them winter water for best results.  Also, make sure you site your shrub in the location it prefers.   Some prefer morning sun in protected locations while others can take exposed, sunny spots.

 

Broadleaf Evergreen Shrubs

Needled Evergreen Shrubs

 

TIP:  Some evergreen shrubs respond well to an anti-transpirant spray (such as Wilt Pruf), to help protect agains winter dessication.

 

Please Note:  In stock availability of specific varieties listed below will vary depending upon time of season and sales.   Please call (719) 574-8058 for current availability.


 

Broadleaf Evergreen Shrubs 

 

Boxwood (Buxus) 

buxusgreenmountainboxwood_photocourtesybaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc

Green Mountain Boxwood

Height:  5’

Spread: 3’

Exposure:  Shade or morning sun

Other Notes:   Upright form.  Glossy dark green leaves.  May be pruned to maintain shape and/or used as a hedge.  Protect from windy locations.  Zone 5.

Winter Gem Boxwood (Korean Boxwood)

Height:  2'-3’

Spread:  2'-3’

Exposure:  Shade or morning sun

Other Notes:  Rounded shape and deep green leaves.    May be used as a low hedge.  Protect from windy locations.  Slow growing.

 


Broom, Spanish Types (Cytisus)

cytisuspurgansspanishgoldbroom_photocourtesyplantselect

Photo Courtesy Plant Select

Spanish Gold Broom

Height:  3’-5’

Spread:  4’-6’

Exposure:  Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes:  Leafless shrub with slender green branches and a rounded shape.  One of the hardiest brooms for our area.  Bright yellow flowers appear in Spring.  Zone 4

  


Euonymus


 Although adaptable to full sun, all appreciate protection from winter sun and winds.   

 

euonymus_emeraldgaiety_pcojen

Emerald Gaiety

Height: 4’-5’

Spread:  4’-5’

Exposure:  Prefers light shade location but will also adapt to full shade or full sun.

Other Notes:  Green leaves with white margins.  Slow growing.  Irregular spreading habit is easily shaped with light pruning.  Leaves tinge pink in Fall.

euonymusmanhattan_pcojen

Manhattan

Height:  3’-5’

Spread:  3’-5’

Exposure:   Shade or morning sun is best

Other Notes:  Glossy, dark green leaves.  Ideal for an informal hedge or specimen plant.  Protect from winter wind.

euonymus_wintercreeper_gaiety_pcojen

Purple Leaf Wintercreeper (E. colorata) 

Height: 2'-3'

Spread: 4’-5’

Exposure: Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade and full sun with moist soil.

Other Notes: Vigorous evergreen groundcover with glossy green foliage that turns dark purple in winter.  

euonymussarcoxie_pcojen

Sarcoxie

Height:3’-5’

Spread: 3’-5’

Exposure: Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes:  Glossy green leaves.  Can be used as a small hedge.  Protect from winter wind.

  

 

 

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Emerald 'N Gold

 

 

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Moonshadow

Gold Leaf Varieties:

Canandale Gold

Height:  2'-3' 

Spread: 3'-4'

Exposure:  Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes:  Another gold leaf variety.  Very pretty for a bright pop of yellow. 

 


Emerald 'N Gold

Height:  2’

Spread: Up to 5’

Exposure:  Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes:  Dark green leaves with a bright gold margin.  Slow growing.  Low, spreading branches make a good evergreen groundcover.  Easily shaped with light pruning.  Leaves tinge pink in Fall.

 


Moonshadow

Height:  2'-3'

Spread: 3'-4'

Exposure:  Prefers light shade but will also adapt to full shade to full sun.

Other Notes: Variegation of deep green leaves with a deep gold margin. Slow growing. Low, spreading branches make a good evergreen groundcover. Easily shaped with light pruning. 

 

 


Grape Holly (Mahonia)

 

mahoniacompact_photocourtesyfisherfarms
Photo Courtesy Fisher Farms

 

Oregon Grape Holly (aquifolium)

Height:    5’-6’

Spread:  5’-6’

Exposure: Shade to morning sun

Other Notes:  Medium green holly-like leaves turn bronze red in the Fall.  Yellow flowers in spring are followed by blue berries in mid-summer.

 

Compact Oregon Grape Holly

Height:    3’-3’

Spread:  3’-3’

Exposure: Shade to morning sun

Other Notes:  A dwarf version of standard Oregon Grape Holley.  All the same wonderful qualities in a smaller package.  

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Winter Color

mahoniarepenscreeping_photocourtesybaileynurseriesinc
Creeping Mahonia Bloom
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc

Creeping Mahonia (repens)

Height:  12”-18”

Spread: up to 4’

Exposure:  Shade, morning sun, or full sun.

Other Notes:  Low spreading type of grape holly.  Makes a wonderful groundcover with pretty fall colors of purple-red tones.  Yellow flowers in spring followed by blue berries in mid-summer.

mahoniarepenswidewinter_pcojen

Winter color 

 

 

 


Holly (Ilex)

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Summer


 

Prince Boy/Princess Girl

Height:  4’-6’

Spread: 4’-6’

Exposure:  Shade to LIGHT morning sun

Other Notes:  Deep green leaves.  Extremely slow growing.  Very pretty holly berries are produced only on female shrubs and require pollination from a male.  (can plant multiple female shrubs to one male shrub)  Prefers a moist location.

 ilexhollyprincessboygirllr_pcojen

Winter Berries

ilexberries_pcojen 

 


 

Kinnikinnick a.k.a. Bearberry (Arctostyphylos)

Height: 4"-12"

Spread: 3' and up to 6'

Bloom Color: White tinged with pink bell-shaped dainty flowers

Season of Bloom: Spring

Other Notes: A low growing woody groundcover. Flowers are followed by small red fruit. Glossy bright green foliage turns reddish in winter. Evergreen, shrubby ground cover. Can planted in shade, part sun, or sun.

 

Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc

Massachusetts

Height: 6"-12"

Spread: 2'-4'

Bloom Color: White tinged with pink bell-shaped dainty flowers followed by red berries in Fall

Season of Bloom: Spring

Other Notes: A disease resistant selection with smaller leaves. Excellent evergreen groundcover native to the U.S. with fine foliage and scarlet red fruit. Thrives in sandy soil and hot sun.

 


Pyracantha / Fireweed

 

pyracanthasummer_pcojen

Summer

Gnome

Height:  4’-6’

Spread:  3’-4’

Exposure:  Shade, morning sun, full sun

Other Notes:  White spring flowers are followed by showy clusters of bright orange berries that hold through winter.  Plant in a place where it won’t receive drying winter winds.  A good candidate for espalier against a wall or fence.

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Fall Berries

 


 Rhododendron / AZALEA

Photos Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc

Golden Lights

Height: 4’-5’

Spread: 3’-4’

Exposure: Full to part sun.

Other Notes:  Introduced for its golden flowers. The foliage turns bronze in Fall Flowers late May to early June. Likes moist, well-drained, acidic soil.  Zone 4.



Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc

Rosy Lights Azalea

Height: 4’-5'

Spread: 5’-6’

Exposure: Full to part sun.

Other Notes: 'Rosy Lights' is a dark rose-pink. A spectacular display of fragrant flowers are produced in late May or early June. Flower buds are winter hardy to -45°F. From the University of Minnesota.  Zone 4. Likes moist, well-drained, acidic soil.

 

Photo Not Available

 

Western Lights

Height: 3’-4’

Spread: 3’-4’

Exposure: Full to part sun.

Other Notes: Lavender pink flowers. Zone 4. Likes moist, well-drained, acidic soil.

 

 


 

Yucca

Photo Courtesy Fisher Farms

Color Guard

Height: 3’-4’

Spread: 2'-3'

Exposure: Full sun.

Other Notes: Showy yellow leaves edged in deep green adorn this ornamental yucca.  Drought tolerant.  Plant in well-drained soil. Tall stalk of cream colored flowers in summer.

 


 

Needled Evergreen Shrubs

 

Arborvitae (Thuja)

thujawoodwardglobearborvitae_photocourtesybaileynurseriesinc

Woodward Globe

Height: 3’-5’

Spread:  3’-5’

Exposure:  Does best in shady or morning sun locations.

Other Notes:   Deep green in summer.  Takes on a bronze color in winter.  Rounded form.  Plant in a place where it will not receive a lot of wind exposure as this causes browning.  Prefers a moist spot.

 

 


Juniper

Junipers are a versatile group of evergreens.  Some stay very low to provide a wide groundcover while others are tall and can be used as evergreen screens.   Some have a silvery blue cast while others are deep green.  They all do well here and are quite drought tolerant once established.   However, Colorado has very drying winter winds that can be tough on evergreens.   Although they do well in a windy, exposed spot—it is essential to give them winter water for best performance. 

Low Creeping Type Junipers


Blue, green, and golden foliage types.  Note: Some WILL change color in winter.

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Blue Chip

Height:  8"-12” 

Spread: 4’-6’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  Very low growing with a moderate spread.  Silvery blue foliage has an arching habit.  Turns a plum color in the winter.

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juniperbluerugberry_pcojenBlue Rug

Height:  4"-6"

Spread:  3'-5'

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  One of the best prostrate junipers that forms a dense mat of silvery blue foliage.   Useful as a groundcover.  Pretty when allowed to drape over larger retaining walls.

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Blue Star 

Height: 18”-24”

Spread: 3’-4’

Exposure: Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes: Dwarf form with silvery-blue needles that are shorter than other types of juniper. They cluster into a star-like shape. Does best when planted in a location that is protected from winter wind.

 

 juniperbuffalowide_pcojen

Buffalo 

Height:  12”-18”

Spread: 6’-8’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  Low growing with a large spread.  Bright foliage gives a blast of green especially in the height of winter.  Juniper berries are blue.

juniperbuffalo_pcojen juniperbuffaloberry_pcojen

 

Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

Gold Strike 

Height: 6" low groundcover type

Spread: Up to 3'

Exposure:  Part sun is best

Other Notes:  Striking yellow foliage creates a cheerful glow in the garden.  This type will do best in well-drained soil with consistent moisture.  Grow in a part sun location for best color.  

juniperhughes_pcojen

Hughes 

Height: 12”-18”

Spread: 6’-8’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  Low growing variety with a large spread.  Steel-blue foliage during warm months.  Takes on a purple tinge in winter.

junipermotherlode_photocourtesyiselinursery
Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

Motherlode 

Height:  12”-18”

Spread: 3’-6’

Exposure:  Sun

Other Notes:  This creeping type offers bright yellow foliage during the summer.  Tinges to a burgundy-plum color in winter.

 

Taller Hedge Type Spreading Junipers 

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Old Gold

Height: 3’-4’

Spread: 4’-6’

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: New growth is a bright yellow.
Good shrub for contrast.

 

 

 

 


 

Pine (Pinus) 

 

 Mugo Pine Varieties


 

Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

Big Tuna Mugo Pine

Height: 6’-15’

Spread: 6’-10’

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: A large shrub or small tree. Deep, dark green, and DENSE! Very nice selection for a smaller space. Upright, broad shape at maturity. Showy buds in winter stand out against deep green foliage. Plant in well drained soil.

 pinusmugomops_pcoiselinursery
Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

Mops

Height: 3'

Spread: 3'

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: Grows in a low dense dome shape. Dwarf in habit. Stays compact even without annual pruning. Plant in well drained soil.

 pinusmugopumillo_photocourtesybaileynurseriesinc
Photo Courtesy Bailey Nurseries Inc

Pumilio (P. mugo pumilio)

Height: 3'-5'

Spread: 3'-6'

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: Dwarf, bright green color in all seasons. Attractive mounded shape that can be maintained by pruning. Especially nice in early summer when new candles of growth appear. Very hardy and rugged.

Photo Courtesy Iseli Nursery

 

Slowmound Mugo Pine

Height: 3’-4’

Spread: 3’-4’

Exposure: Sun

Other Notes: A high quality evergreen garden shrub with an extremely dense, mounded habit of growth throughout its life, very compact and slow growing, rugged and hardy. 

 

Dwarf Pine Varieties

 

Photo Courtesy Fisher Farms

Dwarf 'Nana' White Pine (Pinus strobus)

Height: 3'-4'

Spread: 4'-6'

Exposure: Partial Sun

Other Notes: Unique evergreen shrub with soft, blue-green needles and mounded form. Great shrub for borders. Partial sun, moist, well-drained soil.

Spaan's Dwarf Shore Pine (Pinus contorta)

Height: 3’

Spread: 4’

Exposure: Morning or Filtered Sun

Other Notes: An unusual pine that will become wider than tall with age. This dwarf evergreen has an open, irregular habit. Another great candidate for bonsai enthusiasts. Very slow growing. Will take at least 10 years to reach mature size. Plant in well-drained soil.

 


Spruce (Picea)

 

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Globe Blue Spruce 

Height:  3’-5’

Spread: 4’-5’

Exposure:  Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes:  Beautiful round shrub form of blue spruce.  Requires winter water and likes consistent moisture during the growing season.

 

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Bird's Nest Norway Spruce

Height: 3’

Spread: 2’-3’

Exposure: Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes: A beautiful dwarf spruce, broad, dense and slow growing. Light green foliage on spreading branches rises up slightly with nodding tips. A distinctive plant for rock gardens or specimen use. Hardy, best in full sun or minimal shade. 

 


Photo Courtesy Fisher Farms

Little Gem Norway Spruce 

Height: 18"-24"

Spread: 18"-24"

Exposure: Sun to Part Sun

Other Notes: Globe-shaped dwarf spruce with light green needles on compact branches. Requires winter water. Does best in a location that does not receive drying winter winds. Great shrub for small space. Provide consistent moisture and well-drained soil.

 

 


Yew (Taxus)

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Spreading Yew / Densiformis
 

Height:  4’-6’

Spread:  4’-6’

Exposure:  Shade or morning sun.

Other Notes:  Dense rounded form.  Provide consistent moisture and site in a location that is protected from drying winter winds.  Caution:  Yew seeds within the bright red berries and foliage are poisonous.  Keep away from children.